Press release on the Russian position in connection with UN Security Council reform
The UN Security Council reform has been discussed for several decades. Unfortunately, any reform model wasn’t able to win as much support from the member states as necessary for the UN Charter amendments. Russia calls for continuing the search for a solution convenient to most UN members. Consensus is the best option. It is important for the talks to be comprehensive and transparent and to consider all the proposals without setting any deadlines.
The Aachen treaty signed by France and German on January 22, 2019, confirms Paris’s general support for the German aspiration to acquire a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. There is nothing new here: France has declared it many times before. However, the issue of the permanent status of Germany in the UN Security Council will not be addressed in the bilateral French-German format. Such a decision must be taken by the UN General Assembly following intergovernmental talks held in New York with the participation of all UN members.
Russia’s principled position on UN Security Council reform is to expand the representation of developing African, Asian and Latin American countries. Our country has no doubt that there are many countries among them that can make a significant contribution to supporting international peace and security. In the current Security Council, including its permanent members, we can see an obvious overrepresentation of certain regions; above all the regional group of Western states, that exists within the United Nations.
In any case, Russia cannot allow efforts to make the Security Council more representative affect its effectiveness and performance. Whatever form the reform takes, the UN Security Council must respond to challenges and threats swiftly and adequately. This means that it is necessary for the new council to remain quite compact.
The Russian side as well will not deny being skeptical of the idea of limiting the veto, as advocated by France and several other countries, and sees this mechanism as an important element of searching for balanced and calibrated decisions and protecting the interests of the minority. It is no secret that the Western group could easily mobilise the necessary votes to block unwanted projects without the veto.
Russia consistently speaks in support of a harmonious system of international relations, whose key principles include the political resolution of all crises and an end to violent regime change. If everyone followed these principles, the polemics around the veto right would not be so heated.
The Embassy of the Russian Federation
in the Republic of Botswana