Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Botswana
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07 july / 2020

Press Release on 75th Anniversary of the signing of the UN Charter

07.07.2020

On June 26, 1945, representatives of 50 states signed the UN Charter in San Francisco 75 years ago. This is a key document that enshrines the fundamental principles of interstate cooperation. It has become the foundation of the post-war international order and a cornerstone of the modern system of international law.

The UN was able to avoid the unenviable fate of the League of Nations and to prevent new World War, despite profound disagreements between its member countries. This was largely made possible due to the agreements on establishing the UN Security Council, a unique body with substantial powers for maintaining international peace and security, as well as by the right of its five permanent members to veto which is a highly important for maintaining a balance of interests.

The UN is changing in line with the times. However, the fundamental principles of its work, as stipulated by the UN Charter, remain unchanged. The UN Charter is the cornerstone of the modern world order, and the principles that were enshrined in the Charter 75 years ago remain relevant today.

Many Security Council resolutions have practical results. Some of these provide for the imposition of sanctions or even the use of force. Decisions made by the UN underlie the processes of settlement of very many conflicts.

In the majority of cases, General Assembly resolutions undoubtedly play a role, although they are of a recommendatory nature. It is another matter that the recent tendency is for a number of states to put forward clearly politicised and divisive projects, something that undermines the General Assembly’s prestige as one of the principal UN bodies.

Against this backdrop, the attempts by some states to revise the fundamental standards of international law underlying the UN Charter and replace them with a so-called rules-based international order, which implies decision-making by narrow alliances in circumvention of the UN, cause serious concern. As a founding member of this world organisation and a permanent member of its Security Council, Russia will continue opposing this approach.

Concerning the problem of the falsification of history Russia is doing its best to prevent the UN from remaining in the distance. Each year, for example, the General Assembly approves the Russian-sponsored resolution “Combating glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices” which enjoys broad support from the UN member-states and confirms the topicality of the problems it addresses. In 2019 the number of its co-sponsors exceeded 60.

Apart from this annual resolution, Russia and its partners, mindful of the importance of the upcoming 75th anniversary of the UN and of Victory in WWII, came up with the initiative to put an additional item on the agenda of the 74th session of the General Assembly and hold a separate ceremony at the General Assembly commemorating the 75th anniversary of Victory. Russia has also circulated the draft resolution “Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the End of the WWII,” which is due to emphasise the importance of Victory as a common heritage of the UN states.

The Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Botswana