Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Botswana
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18 july

Press release on the occasion of the 74th anniversary of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki


During the final stage of World War II (WWII), the United States detonated two nuclear bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively. It was the first and only case of nuclear weapons use in history. Immediately after the bombing both cities turned into cemeteries without graves. The total death toll was from 90 to 166 thousand people in Hiroshima and from 60 to 80 thousand people in Nagasaki. The death toll increased to over 200 thousand people in subsequent decades, as people died from cancers and other diseases linked to radiation poisoning.

Despite the fact that during WWII Japan itself was an aggressor country, there was no military necessity in atomic bombing. It was the offensive of the Soviet troops (the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation, the Kuril Landing Operation, the Battle of Sakhalin) carried out in accordance with the allied agreements that led to the surrender of Japan and the end of the war. The US aggression against Hiroshima and Nagasaki non-military facilities was nothing more than a test of nuclear weapons against Japanese civilians, and it has no moral justification.

This tragedy raises questions about the historical responsibility of Washington which recently decided to withdraw from the INF Treaty. This agreement between the Soviet Union and the United States signed in 1987 on the elimination of their intermediate-range and shorter-range missiles was a major milestone in building a Euro-Atlantic security architecture in the new historical period. Specifically, following the implementation of the INF Treaty, an entire class, or more precisely, two classes of nuclear weapons were removed from the arsenals of the parties: intermediate-range ballistic missiles and ground-launched cruise missiles having ranges from 1,001 to 5,500 km, and shorter-range missiles, i.e. with ranges from 500 to 1,000 km. The withdrawal from the agreement would become a prerequisite for a possible repetition of such events, which are one of the “black pages” of world history. The aggressive and egocentric US foreign policy could undermine the international security architecture and plunge the world into a new extremely dangerous arms race.

The Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Botswana