Legalisation of documents
Since the Republic of Botswana is a signatory of Hague Convention 1961, abolishing the requirement of legalisation for foreign public documents, any official paper issued by Botswana authorities does not need to be legalized by the Embassy's Consular Division for its legal use on the territory of the Russian Federation.
According to the Article 2 of the Convention, each contracting state shall exempt from legalisation documents to which the Convention applies and which have to be produced in its territory. Legalisation means only the formality by which the diplomatic or consular agents of the country in which the document has to be produced certify the authenticity of the signature, the capacity in which the person signing the document has acted and, where appropriate, the identity of the seal or stamp which it bears.
According to the Article 3 of the Convention, the only formality that may be required in order to certify the authenticity of the signature, the capacity in which the person signing the document has acted and, where appropriate, the identity of the seal or stamp which it bears, is the addition of the certificate issued by the competent authority of the State from which the document emanates. It can be placed on the document itself or on an "allonge". It may be drawn up in the official language of the issuing authority. The standard terms appearing therein may be in a second language also. The title "Apostille (Convention de La Haye du 5 octobre 1961)" shall be in the French language.
However, this formality may not be required when either the laws, regulations, or practice in force in the State where the document is produced or an agreement between two or more contracting states have abolished or simplified it, or exempt the document itself from legalisation.
In Botswana the only authority which is competent to issue the certificate ("apostille") is the Ministry of International Affairs and Cooperation.