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Second International Forum adopts final declaration

Daily News

23/07/2019

By BOPA

The just-ended Second International Forum on Development of Parliamentarism, geared towards strengthening cooperation between the Russian Federation and African countries, has adopted a final declaration on issues concerning international relations.

The forum, initiated by the State Duma of the Russian Federation brought together 130 countries, speakers of African parliaments, experts and media personnel in Moscow, Russia recently.

The statement notes that sharing the understanding that the system of international relations in the modern multipolar world should be based on the principles of equality, dialogue, cooperation, respect for international law, respect for the sovereignty of states and non-interference in their internal affairs was of paramount importance; together with meeting the interests of sustainable development for the benefit of all people.

It says delegates declared their interests in further strengthening inter-parliamentary relations to develop multi-sector cooperation and promote common interests and values in the international arena. It also recognises that inter-parliamentary cooperation contributes to rapprochement between countries and establishes the dialogue channels that advanced interstate relations to a new level.

According to the declaration, participants were guided by the principles of equality, openness, solidarity, mutual assistance, inclusiveness and mutually beneficial cooperation in the international dialogue.

The statement also notes the general willingness to deepen interaction between legislative authorities and exchange experience in order to further improve lawmaking in the interests of sovereign peoples.

The forum, states the declaration also welcomes, in particular, the intensification of inter-parliamentary contacts and the diversification of the formats of interaction with African countries.

It also recognises the significant contribution of the parliamentary interaction with the academic and expert community as well as civil society representatives in the strengthening of international cooperation and international security.

The declarations further acknowledges the importance of a broad parliamentary cooperation to ensure sustainable development, international and regional security, environmental well-being, fighting poverty and inequality, establishing collaborative efforts in countering terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, illegal migration and other common challenges and threats.

In order to achieve these goals, says the statement, the parliamentarians would use all the opportunities of interparliamentary cooperation to remove barriers and promote inclusive, equal and mutually respectful dialogue, eliminate emerging threats to peace and security, resolve disagreements in strict compliance with the fundamental norms of international law, reduce conflict potential and confrontation in the world, build trust and develop a constructive unifying agenda for international cooperation.

The declarations however condemns unilateral methods of resolving international disputes and use of force and sanction pressure as being destabilising and contrary to international law, interests of people and sustainable development goals.

It also declares as unacceptable any political sanctions and other repressive measures against parliamentarians including restricting the rights of national delegations at inter-parliamentary forums, which contravenes the fundamental democratic values, principles of international law and parliamentarism;

Delegates strongly disapproved the use of inter-parliamentary institutions and forums for political provocations and extremist actions, inciting ethnic hatred and escalating political tensions.

They further encouraged the use of the inter-parliamentary cooperation channels to promote the comprehensive improvement of the global economic management system in order to resolve the crisis in the global economy and ensure greater economic and financial stability, harmonization of international trade relations, sustainable, dynamic growth;

In addition, the forum declares that in the conditions of global digital transformation and transition of the world economy to a new technological paradigm, the development of a common vision and harmonization of approaches to legal regulation in the digital era, which requires deep inter-parliamentary coordination, exchange of legislative practices, close cooperation in the development of uniform international standards, becomes the key for economic growth and social and economic stability.

It further notes the special role of national parliaments and inter-parliamentary cooperation in adoption of the principles of responsible behaviour in the information space and formation of a safe and open global information environment and encourages the media, civil society and all the parties involved in dissemination of mass information and development of regulations in this area, to unite efforts in countering disinformation and “fake news”;

The need to further expand parliamentary support for development of international humanitarian cooperation as well as cooperation in education, science, culture, health care, sports, tourist exchanges, youth contacts and more active involvement of young people in the process of developing and making decisions on social, economic and political issues of national and global development was also emphasised.

The document supports the general focus on comprehensive intensification of a broad, equitable, political and economic cooperation with African countries and their associations, first of all, with the African Union, to ensure sustainable development, international and regional security and stability.

Delegates also declared their readiness to expand the exchange legislative experience with African countries in the key areas in order to create a favourable legal environment and eliminate obstacles to building a comprehensive mutually beneficial partnership, including in trade and investment, promoting structural transformation and making Africa a prosperous, secure continent.